Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) is a water-soluble vitamin, which means the body doesn’t store this vitamin. This vitamin is necessary for the growth, development and repair and supports the bodys natural defences. It is involved in many body functions, including the formation of collagen, the immune system, wound healing, and the maintenance of cartilage, bones, and teeth.
Beta Alanine is one of the naturally occurring beta amino acids, although it's non-essential it has quickly become anything but non-essential in the worlds of performance nutrition and bodybuilding. This is a modified version of the amino acid alanine and works with L-Histidine to help increase Carnosine concentration in the skeletal muscle. Beta-alanine is also famous for producing tingling and flushing effect on the skin which is a perfectly normal reaction by the body and not harmful, it's been considered to be motivating by some individuals.
D-Aspartic Acid (DAA) is the D-form of the amino acid aspartic acid and is produced naturally in the body from the non-essential amino acid L-Aspartic Acid. Within the human body, it is found in high concentrations in areas where hormone production takes place. The hypothalamus, pituitary gland and the testes all have high concentrations of D-Aspartic Acid.
Taurine is often referred to as an amino acid, but it’s actually an amino sulfonic acid, as it’s a by-product of the sulphurous amino acids cysteine and methionine. It is a naturally occurring chemical that can be found throughout the body but can also naturally found in some food sources as well, such as eggs, milk, seafood, and meat. This is found to be a higher level of concentration in certain parts of the body such as the eyes, central nervous system, and skeletal muscles.
Caffeine is a popular pre-workout ingredient since caffeine as we know it is a powerful stimulant, mostly known for its ability to provide a boost of energy and increase mental alertness.
(This ingredient is excluded in the caffeine-free version of this product.)
BioPerine® is a patented extract obtained from black pepper (Piper nigrum) standardised minimum to 95% Piperine. Black pepper has been used in human diet from ancient times and is one of the most widely used spices throughout the world. It has also been used in various traditional medicines, preservatives and health supplements.
Trimethylglycine or TMG is also more commonly referred to. As the name implies it is a trimethyl derivative of the common amino acid glycine. TMG is commonly found in our diet in beets (that’s where the name betaine came from), whole grains, spinach and shellfish.
Arginine Alpha-Ketoglutarate (AAKG) is a salt of the amino acid arginine and alpha-ketoglutaric acid and plays an important role in nitric oxide (NO) activity and circulatary system.
Tyrosine is considered a non-essential amino acid and is formed from phenylalanine in the body. L-tyrosine is a precursor of Dopamine.